There are four main types of the base:
Other types of the base are only kinds of these four.
The foundation for tape type is laid for the subsequent construction of heavy constructions, buildings on dry and not puchinisty soil. Has very big bearing ability. Such type of the base is carried out continuous on all length of its installation. On perimeter of the building and under its bearing walls pull out a trench. On its sides establish a timbering. In it mount a reinforcing framework. Then, all this is filled in with concrete. The tape base gained the greatest distribution.
The base of slabby type is carried out on collapsible, watery and very puchinisty soil. It is made on all area of a structure, depths of frost penetration in soil are higher. Installation of the base of this type is justified at a small form of a structure as, on its device big expenses, both human, and technical and, as a result, material are necessary. For this reason the slabby base is the most expensive of all types.
The column type of the base is made on deeply freezing through soil or under lightweight buildings without device of basements. Under construction corners, in places of crossing of walls at distance no more than 2 m mount columns. On top they are connected crossing points "grillages". The column base cannot be arranged on soil with high mobility of layers in the horizontal plane.
The pile type of the base is applied in case of construction of heavy bespodvalny constructions on the slabonesushchy or deep-freezing-through soil. For its device earthwork is not necessary. Represents the piles already ready deep-shipped in soil or made directly in the soil. They are established in construction corners, under bearing walls, in places of concentration of loading with a step to 2 meters. On top of a pile connect beams. The pile base cannot be executed on stony soil.
Our experts, considering features of the place of building, will design and will build the most suitable basis for your house.