Facings for fire chambers
One of important elements of a fireplace is the fire chamber where directly there is a fuel combustion. In order that the fireplace was esthetically attractive, it is necessary to approach seriously the choice of facing for a fire chamber. Facing of a chimney fire chamber has to become the real masterpiece, it is similar to a frame for a refined picture. Materials of facing of a fireplace are very various. A number of materials can be presented to your choice: from a natural stone, to created by hands of masters environmentally friendly structure with a marble crumb.
The materials used during creation of facings
Except esthetically attractive appearance, compliance to style and design of rooms, facing of a chimney fire chamber has to meet the main requirement - resistance to high temperatures. For this reason of facing make of nonflammable, fireproof materials: natural stone, brick, ceramic tile. Besides, in facing of a fire chamber quite often use metal and valuable breeds of a tree, clay and porcelain tiles , and even plates from natural nacre. The facing executed from a talkokhlorit, the mineral connection possessing property to accumulate heat possesses extraordinary beautiful ability to extend infrared radiation. Of course, the choice of material for facing is defined by appointment and a decor of an interior of the room, and also style in which the fireplace is executed.
Types of chimney fire chambers
Allocate two main types of chimney fire chambers: opened and closed. Opened tipatselesoobrazno to choose fire chambers if the fireplace carries out function of a decorative element of an interior as such fire chambers are not capable to keep heat long. Their basic purpose is to give the chance to the person to admire an open flame. Thanks to a direct-flow flue open fire chambers improve ventilation of the heated rooms. But it is necessary to remember that it is not desirable to leave such fire chambers unguarded.
Chimney fire chambers of the closed type are ideally suited for fireplaces which are used for heating of the room as they long enough keep heat. If you close a door and will adjust draft, a fireplace with the closed fire chamber it is possible to leave for a long time unguarded. The majority of models of chimney fire chambers are made of cast iron and heat resisting steel with lining by ceramics. Let's notice that both materials do not change the physical properties and characteristics under the influence of high temperatures.
The closed fire chambers are equipped with a door in the form of the bearing frame filled with heat resisting glass ceramics which is capable to sustain temperature to 750 C. The door can be flat , convex or have the prism form , open sideways or up. In the majority the closed fire chambers system "pure glass" is used that allows to take pleasure from blinking of fire at observance of all standards of fire safety. In the modern closed fire chambers it is possible to regulate fire force.
So, if you wish to get a fireplace for the esthetic purposes that having settled down on a comfortable sofa, to behold live fire, then you should look narrowly at an open chimney fire chamber. But, in case you need compact, heatcapacious and absolutely safe fire chamber, then pay attention to chimney fire chambers of the closed type.
Now in the chimney market fire chambers from cast iron and stainless steel prevail. In both cases the most qualitative materials which underwent strict factory testing are used. Wood fire chambers are used, as a rule, for heating of a country house or a cottage. In this case, by the form works of a fire chamber can be divided into models with a water contour when hot water, and on fire chambers with a thermal contour where the heat carrier is heated air acts as the heat carrier.
Depending on type of an arrangement of a chimney fire chamber distinguish angular fire chambers and wall.
Facing of fireplaces in style of a country
If you wish to get for the country house a fireplace, then, most likely, ideal option for you - a fireplace, with facing in style of a country which has the form of a letter "D". On the center of a fireplace, at a certain height from a floor, the fire chamber settles down. Under it, as a rule, leave a niche for firewood, and the top of a fireplace is made out in the form of a box behind which there is a flue . Facing of fireplaces in style of a country is created from a natural stone (a shell rock or limestone), but nevertheless facing from a fire-resistant brick is permanently popular.
Thus, facing of a chimney fire chamber is a fine opportunity to express character of your house, to make a fireplace a unique work of art, corresponding to your style and taste. And then the cozy evenings spent at a home in the bosom of the family or with friends will become really warm and good tradition …